William Hammond Hall surveyed the area to become Golden Gate Park in 1870.
He found 270 acers of arable land covered with trees and shrubs and 730 acers "a waste of shifting sand". There were seven bodies of water that remained year round and elevations rising to 414' at the peak of Strawberry Hill.
Hall proposed a system of roadways curved through the park with paths not sidewalks to reduce wind corridors and three transverse routes that separated city traffic from the Park.
Horsemen demanded the roads be straightened for speed and today we have many trees bent by the wind and only one transverse route dedicated to traffic crossing the park.
Before resigning from the Park in 1876 Hall directed the planting of 59,680 trees and shrubs, stabilized most of the shifting sand and created a natural seawall at Ocean beach to a height of 9 ft.
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